Download The Oxford Companion to Sugar and Sweets by Darra Goldstein PDF

By Darra Goldstein

A candy the teeth is a robust factor. infants all over the place appear to smile whilst tasting sweetness for the 1st time, a trait inherited, might be, from our ancestors who foraged for candy meals that have been ordinarily more secure to devour than their sour opposite numbers. however the "science of candy" is just the start of a desirable tale, since it isn't really easy human desire or uncomplicated organic impulse that activates us to accessorize problematic marriage ceremony truffles, scoop ice cream right into a cone, or drop sugar cubes into espresso. those are concerns of tradition and aesthetics, of background and society, and we would ask many different questions. Why do candies function so prominently in kid's literature? whilst used to be sugar known as a spice? and the way did chocolate evolve from an old drink to a contemporary sweet bar?

The Oxford spouse to Sugar and chocolates explores those questions and extra in the course of the collective wisdom of 265 professional members, from nutrition historians to chemists, restaurateurs to cookbook writers, neuroscientists to pastry cooks. The spouse takes readers world wide and all through time, affording glimpses deep into the mind in addition to stratospheric flights into the area of sugar-crafted fantasies. greater than only a compendium of pastries, sweets, ices, preserves, and confections, this reference paintings unearths how the human proclivity for candy has introduced richness to our language, our paintings, and, in fact, our gastronomy. In approximately six hundred entries, starting with "à l. a. mode" and finishing with the Italian trifle referred to as "zuppa inglese," the spouse strains sugar's trip from a unprecedented luxurious to a ubiquitous commodity. In among, readers will know about a variety of sweeteners (as famous as agave nectar and as imprecise as castoreum, or beaver extract), the evolution of the dessert path, the creation of chocolate, and the neurological, mental, and cultural responses to sweetness. The better half additionally delves into the darker facet of sugar, from its ties to colonialism and slavery to its addictive features.

Celebrating sugar whereas acknowledging its advanced heritage, The Oxford significant other to Sugar and goodies is the definitive consultant to at least one of humankind's maximum assets of delight. Like childrens in a sweet store, enthusiasts of sugar (and will not be we all?) will get pleasure from perusing the wondrous sort to be present in this quantity.

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Similarly, the American Sugar Refining Company began labeling the company’s sugar products “Domino” after the sugar cube, to convince grocers to purchase its product in packages rather than in bulk. Entirely new products like Crisco also joined the list of nationally advertised brands. When Procter & Gamble began processing its own oil, a key ingredient in soaps, the company also began to develop a vegetable shortening that would remain solid year round. One of the first Crisco ads appeared in the 1912 Ladies Home Journal, announcing “An absolutely new product.

In the realm of sweets, it turns out to be even more American than apple pie (whose roots, in fact, lie elsewhere), because in the United States “à la mode” refers to a scoop of vanilla ice cream served with a piping hot slice of pie. See ice cream and pie. The New York Times credits the spread of this term to Charles Watson Townsend. His 1936 obituary reported that after ordering ice cream with his pie at the Cambridge Hotel, in the village of Cambridge, New York, around 1896, a neighboring diner asked him what this wonder was called.

The American artist Duane Hanson was best known for his life-sized figural sculptures of middle-class men and women. Woman Eating (1971), a blunt representation of a woman eating ice cream, conveys isolation and the stigma of obesity. y. c. y. American artist Julia Jacquette borrows from old Duncan Hines cake mix boxes in this 1994 enamel on wood painting, recasting their wholesomeness as sensual dreams. The success of early cake mixes depended on convincing housewives that baking from a package was just as feminine and caring as making batter from scratch.

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