By Aleksandar Pavković (auth.)
War - international battle I - created the nation of Yugoslavia in 1918 and, in a chain of wars, beginning in 1991, Yugoslavia used to be changed by means of numerous new and smaller states. The victors had continually awarded those wars as wars of nationwide liberation: each one battle used to be fought for the sacred reason for nationwide liberty. The booklet strains the origins of ideologies, attractive to the reason for nationwide liberty, and descriptions their use within the construction of latest states and new political regimes within the Balkans.
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Additional resources for The Fragmentation of Yugoslavia: Nationalism and War in the Balkans
The organisation's aim was the creation of a greater Croatia, including Bosnia-Hercegovina, which would be then 'freed' of all Serbian rule. As his organisation aimed at the dismemberment of Yugoslavia, it received support from neighbouring governments - those of Hungary, Bulgaria and Italy - which made claims on parts of Yugoslav territory. It also found allies in an older terrorist organisation, the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation (IMRO) which was by that time based in Sofia and fought for the separation of Macedonia from Yugoslavia and its incorporation into Bulgaria.
During this time the young king and government prepared to fly out to Cairo while vice-premier Macek returned to Zagreb. Even before the Yugoslav High Command capitulated to the Germans, on 10 April 1941 he broadcast a call to the Croats to obey the Ustasha regime which the Germans were installing in power in Croatia; on the same day, small groups of Ustashe, aided by the Croat Peasant party armed guards, took control of Zagreb whose populace turned out to welcome enthusiastically the German troops.
Yugoslavia at the Crossroads 21 For more than a year the Serbian army was able to hold in check the superior Austro-Hungarian forces, severely defeating them in several battles on Serbian soil. But the Bulgarian attack on Serbia in 1915 and a joint German-Austro. Hungarian offensive forced the Serbian government, together with its army, to withdraw, with heavy losses, through the rugged mountains of Albania to the Adriatic coast and then to the Greek island of Corfu. Faced with the prospect of an unsatisfactory separate peace with Austria-Hungary and under pressure from the Allies to come to an agreement about their future state, the Serbian government and the Yugoslav Committee, after six weeks of negotiations, issued in July 1917 on Corfu a 14 point declaration concerning the future state of the three peoples.