By Institute of Medicine, Board on Global Health, Committee for the Assessment of DoD-GEIS Influenza Surveillance and Response Programs
The influenza pandemics of 1918, 1957, and 1968 supply a caution to the area concerning the capability hazards of the influenza virus. In 2006, after a sequence of circumstances and clusters of the hugely pathogenic H5N1 avian virus made transparent the specter of a potential pandemic, the U.S. Congress allotted $39 million to the dep. of safeguard worldwide rising Infections Surveillance and reaction approach (DoD-GEIS) to extend and enhance its around the world influenza surveillance community via improvements to its family and abroad laboratories' capabilities.
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Extra resources for Review of the DoD-GEIS Influenza Programs: Strengthening Global Surveillance and Response
Candidate strains isolatedFigure by the1-1 military or obtained through its overseas contacts greatly accelerated production and provision of vaccines in both pandemics. S. citizens from such threats (NSTC, 1996). To address that issue, NSTC-7 expanded the mission of the DoD to include support of global surveillance, training, research, and response to emerging infectious disease threats. The DoD was to “strengthen its global disease reduction efforts through centralized coordination; improved preventive health programs and epidemiologic capabilities; and enhanced involvement with military treatment facilities and overseas laboratories” (NSTC, 1996).
Military has played an important international role in influenza virus surveillance and vaccine development (Woodward, 1994). S. S. military to establish a commission on influenza and place highest priority on rapid development of an effective influenza vaccine. The first successful large-scale influenza vaccine field trials anywhere in the world were completed by the commission in 1943 (Francis, 1954). In 1954 the Department of Defense issued an influenza immunization policy that mandated quick pandemic risk assessment along with the formulation and provision of vaccines in order to protect military person- 24 REVIEW OF THE DOD-GEIS INFLUENZA PROGRAMS FIGURE 1-1 Nations with confirmed cases H5N1 avian influenza.
33 34 REVIEW OF THE DOD-GEIS INFLUENZA PROGRAMS by the assistant secretary of defense for health affairs to take the lead on the following activities laid out in Sec. R. S. S. Army Surgeon General designated DoD-GEIS as the oversight agency for the 2006 congressional AI/PI supplemental funding and as the responsible agency for “monitoring and reporting execution and outcomes . . to improve pandemic and avian influenza surveillance for DoD” (Kiley, 2006). In the fall of 2005, DoD-GEIS headquarters began to assess the gaps in DoD influenza surveillance and response activities in anticipation of the expansion of its influenza surveillance capability.