By Herbert H. Blumberg
A accomplished creation to the quickly growing to be learn quarter of peace psychology. either an issue in its personal correct and studied inside of classes on peace reports, clash reviews and subsidiaries of psychology, diplomacy and politics, peace psychology is a essentially and theoretically very important region. This textbook covers the entire examine literature targeting examine because the finish of the chilly struggle but in addition incorporating facets of prior literature which keep modern relevance. The content material contains an introductory bankruptcy outlining the expansion of the sector and maintains to hide interdisciplinary perform (international kinfolk, schooling, feminist stories and ethics), basic mental themes (development, social psychology, psychodynamics and cognition), center subject matters from peace experiences (conflict answer, quandary administration, non-violence, peacemaking and peacebuilding, particular destinations corresponding to the center East and sustainable improvement) and terrorism (threats and victims). this can be a specified textbook that might entice scholars and practitioners alike.
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Additional resources for Peace Psychology: A Comprehensive Introduction
One would hypothesize that many of the mechanisms described in this chapter would apply to the work of international organizations – for instance, preventing ethnopolitical violence by acting in all four ‘MIGR’ areas, articulating superordinate goals as prescribed by the contact hypothesis, and facilitating states’ constructive actions and views at all stages of information processing. Although more research is clearly needed as regards psychological aspects of the work of international organizations, their role in maintaining and establishing peace in intercultural as well as international matters is obviously crucial (Miall, Ramsbotham and Woodhouse, 1999).
Far from it being a transient or constant phenomenon, moreover, the inclination of democratic states to remain at peace with one another increases over time (Cederman and Rao, 2001). In the post-Cold War period, at least in the 1990s, no Government policy and international relations 27 Western nations were among those seen as somewhat hostile by a sample of American college students (Sulfaro and Crislip, 1997). Paradoxically, democratic regimes may tend to be targets of international violence, possibly because the turnover in their administrations elicits a perception (and sometimes a reality) of their being less likely to retaliate (Gelpi and Grieco, 2001).
Attitudes that impact on peace and justice are of course linked to both group processes and interpersonal (including intergroup) perception. Well-established social-psychological principles of communication and attitude change are, one would expect, applicable to social interaction related to international conflict resolution. These principles, described eloquently by McGuire (1985), include (for example): (a) properties of the communication link (such as a source that is expert and trustworthy, a persuasive message that is pitched at an optimal level of motivation and that ‘inoculates’ recipients against counter-arguments) and (b) successful negotiation of the ‘hurdles’ inherent in an information-processing paradigm.