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By Athena S. Leoussi

This can be a comparative examine of the nationwide importance of the classical revival which marked English and French paintings in the course of the moment 1/2 the nineteenth century. It argues that the main target of artists' curiosity in classical Greece, used to be the physique of the Greek athlete. It explains this curiosity, first, by way of artists' touch with the artwork of Pheidias and Polycletus which portrayed it; and moment, by way of the declare, made through actual anthropologists, that the classical physique typified the race of the eu countries.

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Additional resources for Nationalism and Classicism: The Classical Body As National Symbol in Nineteenth-Century England and France

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88 These scholars discovered a similarity between the Indian and the European languages which led them to the idea of the Indo-European or Aryan language group. This similarity was explained historically by a common origin in Asia, from which continent some Aryan nations had migrated to Europe. 89 The distinction among the descendants of Shem, Ham and Japhet became a distinction between the Aryans, connected with Japhet, and the Semites. To this polarisation Joseph-Ernest Renan, the great French historian and philologist, also lent the weight of his authority.

101 Rochet held that the first man of creation, contrary to Darwin's view, was perfect, and looked Greek. He described the Greeks as 'Bruns'; that is, dark haired. Indeed, he declared that i e premier homme jete sur terre et ceux qui lui ont succede avaient comme lui la peau rouge [meaning tanned by the sun] et les cheveux d'un beau noir'. ' 109 The 'Bruns' excelled in beauty and in intellectual and moral qualities, although they were not practical, active or disciplined. ' 111 Physical Anthropology and the Greek Ideal 21 This view of the Greeks, as a dark-haired southern nation and as God's children who had lived in the open, under the southern sun, will be seen to have acquired great significance in relation to the religious, national and political aspirations of the French at that time.

His accounts are generally very imprecise and he never gave a complete list of the human races. 61 Knox classified the Greeks as one of the nations of Europe, distinguishing between the 'classic' and the modern inhabitants of Greece. '62 These Saxon peoples, who were north European aborigines,63 mixed with the aboriginal inhabitants of Greece and with an Oriental race 'of which we know nothing'64 which had conquered Greece before them and had also intermarried with them. All these races mingled to create a new, mixed race: Three, or more likely four thousand years ago, the Celtic and Scandinavian, and Gothic or Germanic blood, perhaps even the Slavonian, was mingled deeply with the aboriginal inhabitants of Greece and Macedonia; the peninsula and its isles, with their colonies everywhere; with the original race, which I shall venture to call Pelasgic, they mingled, not by thousands, but by hundreds of thousands.

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