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By Paul Ricoeur

Editeur : Seuil Date de parution : 2000 Description : In-8, 676 pages, broché, party, très bon état Envois quotidiens du mardi au samedi. Les commandes sont adressées sous enveloppes bulles de marque Mail Lite. images supplémentaires sur easy demande. Réponses aux questions dans les 12h00. Merci. Please tell us when you have any questions. thank you

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Example text

Socrate propose : « Je m'imagine que notre âme ressemble alors à un livre » (38e). « Comment ? » demande Protarque. Suit l'explication : « La mémoire, suggère Socrate, en sa rencontre avec les sensations, et les réflexions (pathëmata) que provoque 10. Platon, Philèbe, texte établi et traduit par Auguste Diès, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 1941. 16 DE LA MÉMOIRE ET DE LA RÉMINISCENCE cette rencontre, me semblent alors, si je puis dire, écrire (graphein) en nos âmes des discours et, quand une telle réflexion (pathëma) inscrit des choses vraies, le résultat est en nous une opinion vraie et des discours vrais.

La mémoire qui répète, s'oppose la mémoire qui imagine : « Pour évoquer le passé sous forme d'images, il faut pouvoir s'abstraire de l'action présente, il faut savoir attacher du prix à l'inutile, il faut vouloir rêver. L'homme seul est peut-être capable d'un effort de ce genre » (op. , p. 228). Ce texte est d'unerichesseconsidérable. Il pose, dans sa sobriété cristalline, le problème plus vaste du rapport entre action et représentation, dont l'exercice de mémorisation n'est qu'un aspect, comme on le dira dans le prochain chapitre.

Ainsi l'initiative de la recherche relèvet-elle d'un « pouvoir chercher » qui est nôtre. Le point de départ reste au pouvoir de l'explorateur du passé, même si l'enchaînement qui s'ensuit relève de la nécessité ou de l'habitude. En outre, au cours du trajet, plusieurs cours restent ouverts à partir du même point de départ. La métaphore du cheminement est ainsi induite par celle du changement. C'est pourquoi la quête peut se perdre sur de fausses pistes et la chance garder son rôle. Mais la question 24.

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