By Geoffrey Irwin
The archaeological is still of a remarkably well-preserved indigenous Maori village are unearthed and analyzed during this selection of contributions from 20 students who labored on the excavation website. deserted due to flooding, the village of Te Kohika remained untouched for 270 years and preserved in a peat swamp till it used to be stumbled on in 1974. For the earlier 30 years, archaeologists were getting to know the pataka storehouses, cooking shelters, houses, wooden and fiber goods, and garage pits on the web site, making this one of many greatest ongoing archaeological tasks in New Zealand's historical past. each one essay bargains an expert's opinion at the artifacts chanced on and cultural observations disclosed via this landmark excavation.
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Extra info for Kohika: The Archaeology of a Late Maori Lake Village
While frosts are expected every year, between 1948 and 1975 the earliest frost day recorded at Whakatane was 5 May and the latest 10 September. The average yearly incidence of ground frost is 24 at Te Teko on the plains away from the Rangitaiki River levee, 24 at Edgecumbe on the Rangitaiki levee, and 15 at Whakatane (Jones 1991). Whatever differences may exist between the present and the time when people were living at Kohika, the climate was certainly favourable. Kohika in the geomorphological context of the Rangitaiki Plains 19 A brief historical observation about vegetation According to Pullar (1985:6), at the time of European settlement swampland west of the Rangitaiki River was densely covered with raupo and rushes.
A greater depth of peat lay below the archaeological site than above it, indicating that occupation was in the later part of the deposit. This will be supported by radiocarbon evidence in Chapter 5. Moreover, the peat above the cultural deposit was sterile, indicating the absence of occupation for a period prior to the Tarawera Tephra. Further soils developed in the swamp above the Tarawera. • Neither the Taupo nor the Kaharoa tephra remains intact on the mound itself, although each forms components of the soil there.
The three radiocarbon dates from this site bracketing the Kaharoa Tephra have a reversed stratigraphy. NZ4804 (656 ± 57 BP) is from organic muds immediately below the Kaharoa, and NZ4803 (678 ± 75 BP) on a diatomaceous organic silt immediately above it. NZ4802 (729 ± 58 BP) is from a grey, largely inorganic fine silt, 22 cm The impact of Polynesian settlement on the vegetation of the coastal Bay of Plenty 23 above the Kaharoa Tephra. The two dates bracketing the Kaharoa Tephra are statistically indistinguishable.