By Michael Welbourne
What's it approximately wisdom that makes us worth it extra hugely than mere precise trust? this question lies on the center of epistemology and has challenged philosophers ever because it was once first posed by means of Plato. Michael Welbourne's exam of the ancient and modern solutions to this question offers either a good creation to the improvement of epistemology but additionally a brand new thought of the character of information. The early chapters introduce the most issues and questions that experience supplied the context for contemporary discussions. The Platonic beginnings, Cartesian individualism and the tripartite analyses of data are tested in flip. within the moment 1/2 this ebook, the point of interest shifts from conceptual research to an exam of the social practices surrounding wisdom, putting particular emphasis at the suggestion of testimony. the writer argues initially and persuasively that our notion of information has its roots in communicative practices and that considering how testimony works as a resource of ideals really supplies us a deal with at the very proposal of information itself. This e-book may be crucial analyzing for somebody attracted to epistemology, the philosophy of language, or the intersection among the 2 components.
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Additional resources for Knowledge (Central Problems of Philosophy)
He makes Socrates summon an uneducated slave and confront him with a question in geometry. First, Socrates draws a square whose sides are two feet by two feet. The slave sees at once that the area of the square is four square feet. The question is, if we double the area, making it eight square feet, how long will the sides then be? The slave immediately replies that they will be double, that is, each will be four feet. In fact, of course, this instant, intuitive answer is wrong. Plato now has Socrates subject the slave to a series of questions; it is an essential element of this little drama that at no point does Socrates actually tell the slave anything to the point.
It could be the case, and in due course I shall argue that it is the case, that we value knowledge highly because of the special role which the concept plays in the conduct of our lives. There is no difference in kind between the sorts of things one can know about and the sorts of things about which one has beliefs. In particular, no matter how lowly some item of belief might be, it could also be represented properly, in certain circumstances, as an item of knowledge; and no matter how grand an item of knowledge might be, it could also be represented properly, in appropriate circumstances, as an item of belief.
As we have proceeded we have noted various features about our concept of 22 KNOWLEDGE knowledge that a good theory needs to accommodate and account for. In particular, we noted the logical point informally put by saying “if you know, you can’t be wrong” (p. 6). We noted that the concept of knowledge seems to support notions of expertise, authority and the possibility of teaching (p. 7), all recognized by Plato. In this connection we also noted that the concept is used sometimes to refer to the state of an individual knower and sometimes to what she knows and what can be taught to others (p.