Download Knowledge (Central Problems of Philosophy) by Michael Welbourne PDF

By Michael Welbourne

What's it approximately wisdom that makes us worth it extra hugely than mere precise trust? this question lies on the center of epistemology and has challenged philosophers ever because it was once first posed by means of Plato. Michael Welbourne's exam of the ancient and modern solutions to this question offers either a good creation to the improvement of epistemology but additionally a brand new thought of the character of information. The early chapters introduce the most issues and questions that experience supplied the context for contemporary discussions. The Platonic beginnings, Cartesian individualism and the tripartite analyses of data are tested in flip. within the moment 1/2 this ebook, the point of interest shifts from conceptual research to an exam of the social practices surrounding wisdom, putting particular emphasis at the suggestion of testimony. the writer argues initially and persuasively that our notion of information has its roots in communicative practices and that considering how testimony works as a resource of ideals really supplies us a deal with at the very proposal of information itself. This e-book may be crucial analyzing for somebody attracted to epistemology, the philosophy of language, or the intersection among the 2 components.

Show description

Read or Download Knowledge (Central Problems of Philosophy) PDF

Best philosophy books

Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger's Being and Time, Division I

Being-in-the-World is a consultant to 1 of the main influential philosophical works of this century: department I of half one among Being and Time, the place Martin Heidegger works out an unique and robust account of being-in-the-world which he then makes use of to flooring a profound critique of conventional ontology and epistemology. Hubert Dreyfus's observation opens the way in which for a brand new appreciation of this tough thinker, revealing a rigorous and illuminating vocabulary that's critical for conversing concerning the phenomenon of global. The ebook of Being and Time in 1927 became the tutorial international on its head. given that then it has develop into a touchstone for philosophers as assorted as Marcuse, Sartre, Foucault, and Derrida who search an alternative choice to the rationalist Cartesian culture of western philosophy. yet Heidegger's textual content is notoriously dense, and his language turns out to include unnecessarily barbaric neologisms; to the neophyte or even to these schooled in Heidegger concept, the result's frequently incomprehensible. Dreyfus's method of this daunting ebook is simple and pragmatic. He explains the textual content by means of common examples drawn from daily life, and he skillfully relates Heidegger's principles to the questions about being and brain that experience preoccupied a iteration of cognitive scientists and philosophers of brain. Hubert L. Dreyfus is Professor of Philosophy at the collage of California, Berkeley.

Eros Unveiled: Plato and the God of Love

This certain booklet demanding situations the conventional contrast among eros, the affection present in Greek inspiration, and agape, the affection attribute of Christianity. concentrating on a few vintage texts, together with Plato's Symposium and Lysis, Aristotle's Ethics and Metaphysics,, and recognized passages in Gregory of Nyssa, Origen, Dionysius the Areopagite, Plotinus, Augustine, and Thomas Aquinas, the writer indicates that Plato's account of eros isn't really based on self-interest.

Groundless Grounds: A Study of Wittgenstein and Heidegger

Ludwig Wittgenstein and Martin Heidegger are of the main important--and of the main difficult--philosophers of the 20 th century, indelibly influencing the process continental and analytic philosophy, respectively. In Groundless Grounds, Lee Braver argues that the perspectives of either thinkers emerge from a primary try to create a philosophy that has distributed with every thing transcendent in order that we might be chuffed with the human.

Interpreting Nietzsche: Reception and Influence

Supporting scholars and researchers become familiar with the paintings of this compelling yet usually baffling philosopher, this introductory advisor surveys the influence and carrying on with impact of the paintings of Friedrich Nietzsche on smooth ecu thought.

Interpreting Nietzsche explores how one of the most vital thinkers of the 20 th century have replied to the legacy of his writings. each one bankruptcy makes a speciality of how Nietzsche's paintings has been learn by means of such significant figures as:

Martin HeideggerJacques DerridaGiles DeleuzeLuce IrigarayGianni Vattimo

Encouraging scholars to take their stories additional, every one bankruptcy additionally comprises annotated publications to additional basic and secondary studying.

Additional resources for Knowledge (Central Problems of Philosophy)

Sample text

He makes Socrates summon an uneducated slave and confront him with a question in geometry. First, Socrates draws a square whose sides are two feet by two feet. The slave sees at once that the area of the square is four square feet. The question is, if we double the area, making it eight square feet, how long will the sides then be? The slave immediately replies that they will be double, that is, each will be four feet. In fact, of course, this instant, intuitive answer is wrong. Plato now has Socrates subject the slave to a series of questions; it is an essential element of this little drama that at no point does Socrates actually tell the slave anything to the point.

It could be the case, and in due course I shall argue that it is the case, that we value knowledge highly because of the special role which the concept plays in the conduct of our lives. There is no difference in kind between the sorts of things one can know about and the sorts of things about which one has beliefs. In particular, no matter how lowly some item of belief might be, it could also be represented properly, in certain circumstances, as an item of knowledge; and no matter how grand an item of knowledge might be, it could also be represented properly, in appropriate circumstances, as an item of belief.

As we have proceeded we have noted various features about our concept of 22 KNOWLEDGE knowledge that a good theory needs to accommodate and account for. In particular, we noted the logical point informally put by saying “if you know, you can’t be wrong” (p. 6). We noted that the concept of knowledge seems to support notions of expertise, authority and the possibility of teaching (p. 7), all recognized by Plato. In this connection we also noted that the concept is used sometimes to refer to the state of an individual knower and sometimes to what she knows and what can be taught to others (p.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.58 of 5 – based on 33 votes