By Johann Gottlieb Fichte
Les Introductions berlinoises à los angeles philosophie rassemblent les cours parfois reconstitués grâce à des notes d'étudiants que Fichte dispensa à l'université de Berlin de 1809 à 1813. Leur objectif ? Familiariser l'étudiant avec un système de pensée dans le cadre d'une initiation, obtainable et précise. Le produit de ce souci pédagogique forme un ensemble distinct de textes qui sont autant d'étapes pour entrer en philosophie.
Page après web page, l'auteur swimsuit un chemin de technicité croissante, weak de permettre à l'apprenti philosophe de passer progressivement de los angeles sense of right and wrong commune à l. a. moral sense philosophique. Plus qu'une easy préparation à los angeles lecture de l. a. Doctrine de los angeles technological know-how (1'oeuvre majeure de Fichte), ce recueil constitue une advent non seulement à los angeles philosophie transcendantale, mais également à los angeles philosophie en général.
Ici, celui qui fut los angeles grande determine de l'idéalisme transcendantal distingue et éclaire los angeles spécificité du discours philosophique en livrant les clés de sa propre méthode.
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Extra resources for Introductions berlinoises à la philosophie
SOC: Come, then, what has to be cut, as we said, does it have to be cut with something? HERM: Yes. SOC: And what has to be woven, does it have to be woven with something? And what has to be pierced, does it have to be pierced with something? HERM: Of course. SOC: And what has to be named, does it have to be named with something? HERM: So it does. SOC: What is that with which one should pierce? HERM: An awl. SOC: What is that with which one should weave? Translation 25 HERM: A shuttle. SOC: What is that with which one should name?
HERM: The skilled. SOC: So, not every man, Hermogenes, is able to give a name, but only a name-giver (onomatourgos). And this, it seems, is the lawgiver, who is the rarest of all demiurges (demiourgos) among men. HERM: It is likely. 49. ‘Aristotle says that speech signifies, not as an instrument (organon) 30 but conventionally (Int. 17a1-2), for it is not remarkable, he says, that, whereas sound is natural like corporeal motion, names are conven17,1 tional, like dancing. Proclus contradicts him as follows: the name is not a product of the natural organs (organa).
The craftsman must discover the instrument natural to each sort of work and instil that in the material from which he makes the instrument, not as he himself wishes but as it is natural. For the awl that is natural to each sort of work, it seems, he should know how to put into iron. HERM: Of course. SOC: } and the shuttle that is natural to each work, into materials. HERM: This is so. SOC: For each type of shuttle, it seems, is naturally disposed to each type of web. And this reasoning applies to other instruments as well.