By Keith Cowling
After a decade or extra of privatisation and deregulation there's a turning out to be consensus that executive could have a good function in selling commercial improvement. This e-book explores numerous ways that this may be made to occur. a typical subject is the necessity for participation on the applicable point: too frequently commercial coverage has been hampered by means of overcentralised decision-making. Containing contributions by way of a few of Europe's prime business economists, business coverage for Europe covers matters from small company to macroeconomics.
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Extra resources for Industrial Policy in Europe: Theoretical Perspectives and Practical Proposals
1). Similarly, it is evident that between 1977–8 and 1983–4 assistance to British Leyland alone outstripped combined assistance on national measures and technology support, although it is important to note that this expenditure arose not out of a positive policy of attempting to ‘pick winners’ but as a result of a reactive policy designed to salvage a ‘loser’. 1 also illustrates the sector specificity of the UK’s technology policy in the 1980s. Finally, it is important to note that significant support was targeted at the export sector between 1978–9 and 1990–1 and that regional measures, which were also significant in this period were often targeted at certain sectors.
Using both input (costs) and output (investment performance) data provided by a number of specialist independent venture capital firms, a spreadsheet simulation of a ten-year term fund is developed. Investment outcomes based on a ‘decision tree’ model are converted into cashflows. These figures are used to generate internal rate of return (IRR) and net present value (NPV) performance calculations for the investment commitments of the venture capital management company/general partner and the institutional investors/private partners in the fund.
In fact, encouraging MNE investment together with measures to encourage independent locally based development seems the most sensible policy. Chapter 19: The macroeconomics of industrial strategy, by Philip Arestis and Malcolm Sawyer The purpose of this chapter is to explore the macroeconomics of industrial strategy. In particular, it is argued that an industrial strategy can potentially ease the constraints of capacity which lie behind inflationary pressures and the foreign trade position on the achievement of full employment.