By Kenneth R. Merrill
The thinker David Hume used to be born in Edinburgh, Scotland on April 26, 1711. recognized for his re-thinking of causation, morality, and faith, Hume has left an enduring mark on heritage. James Madison, the "father" of the U.S. structure, drew seriously on Hume's writing, particularly his "Idea of excellent Commonwealth," which combated the idea on the time that an enormous kingdom couldn't maintain a republican kind of executive. Hume's writing additionally motivated Adam Smith's Wealth of countries and the philosophy of Immanuel Kant.
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Additional resources for Historical Dictionary of Hume's Philosophy (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series, Volume 86)
The Dissertation has never enjoyed the success of the two Enquiries. The decade of the 1750s saw Hume’s literary fame (some of it unfavorable, to be sure) and his worldly fortune on the rise. He tells us that his Political Discourses (1752) was the only one of his works to be successful on its first publication; it was well received at home and abroad. His appointment, in 1752, as keeper of the advocates library provided little money but gave him access to 30,000 volumes—a godsend for the aspiring historian.
But it must be admitted that none of them were in Butler’s class intellectually. In September 1738—one year after his return from France—Hume closed a deal with John Noon to publish book 1 (“Of the Understanding”) and book 2 (“Of the Passions”) of the Treatise. Those two books appeared in January 1739. Book 3 (“Of Morals”) was brought out in November 1740, by a different publisher, Thomas Longman. After years of unremitting work and a full year of searching for a publisher, Hume was deeply disappointed by the reception his Treatise received.
A good example may be found in the first edition of Volume I of the History of England, which covers the first two Stuart monarchs (some of the most offensive passages were omitted from subsequent editions). Even the generally sympathetic and admiring biographer J. Y. T. Greig argues that Hume’s indiscriminate prejudice against all forms of Christianity leads him to sin against 14 • INTRODUCTION common justice in his treatment of the Reformers Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Knox, and their 17th-century successors.