By Katherine E. Smith, Visit Amazon's Clare Bambra Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Clare Bambra, , Sarah E. Hill
This edited quantity presents wide-ranging anaylses and experiences of the UK's reviews of overall healthiness inequalities learn and coverage thus far, and displays at the classes which were learnt from those stories, either in the united kingdom and internationally.
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Additional info for Health inequalities : critical perspectives
This pattern is evident across the population, so that ‘even comfortably off people somewhere in the middle tend to have poorer health than those above them’ (Marmot 2006). Consequently, as Graham and Kelly (2004) argue, it is important to understand health inequalities as a continual social gradient, rather than as ‘health gaps’ which result from ‘health deprivation’ in poorer communities. 3 Area and health An alternative means of conceptualizing health inequalities, and one which also has a long history in Britain (see Chapter 14), is to consider differences in health indicators between areas.
It has been argued that these trends reflect the neoliberal (small state, freemarket orientated—see Chapters 9 and 12) policies that were adopted in the UK in this era (see Scott-Samuel et al 2014). This is supported by the fact that other countries which adopted neoliberal policies in this period also saw rises in health inequalities, such as the USA and New Zealand (Beckfield and Krieger 2009). These rises in health inequalities were not inevitable: from the 1920s to the 1970s in both the UK and the USA, inequalities in mortality declined (Krieger et al 2008; Thomas et al 2007).
2 Debates about how health inequalities are conceptualized, measured, and monitored This section provides a brief summary of the main ways in which health inequalities are conceptualized, particularly in terms of the indicators used to stratify health. It is by no means a comprehensive account but rather considers the ways in which researchers focusing on the UK have tended to conceptualize health inequalities over the past 30 years and some of the key challenges to these approaches (critiques which are developed later in the book).