By Mark A. Noll
This selection of all new essays through top historians bargains an in depth examine the connections among American Protestants and funds within the Antebellum interval. through the first a long time of the hot American kingdom, cash used to be in all places at the minds of church leaders and lots of in their fans. financial questions figured usually in preaching and pamphleteering, they usually contributed significantly to perceptions of morality either private and non-private. in reality, cash used to be regularly a spiritual query. as a result, argue the authors of those essays, it truly is very unlikely to appreciate broader cultural advancements of the period--including political developments--without contemplating faith and economics jointly. In God and Mammon, a number of essays learn the ways that the church buildings raised cash after the tip of firm positioned a cease to nation investment, reminiscent of the gathering of pew rents, lotteries, and free-will choices, which simply got here later and in the beginning have been used just for benevolent reasons. different essays examine the position of cash and markets within the upward thrust of Christian voluntary societies. nonetheless others study the inter-denominational strife, documenting common accusations that theological mistakes resulted in the misuse of cash and the boldness of wealth. Taken jointly, the essays offer crucial heritage to a subject that maintains to loom huge and generate controversy within the Protestant neighborhood in the US.
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Extra resources for God and Mammon: Protestants, Money, and the Market, 1790-1860
History of Woman Suﬀrage, 2nd ed. p. 1889), 1:70–71. 26 CONTEXTS 45. For perceptive discussion of how the developing “women’s sphere” reduced the scope for women’s public ministries, see Catherine A. Brekus, Strangers and Pilgrims: Female Preaching in America, 1740–1845 (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1998), 267–306. 46. William R. Sutton, “Benevolent Calvinism and the Moral Government of God: The Inﬂuence of Nathaniel W. Taylor on Revivalism in the Second Great Awakening,” Religion and American Culture 2 (Winter 1992): 39.
Stephen Warner, “Work in Progress toward a New Paradigm for the Sociological Study of Religion in the United States,” American Journal of Sociology 93 (1993): 1044–93. 76. See Martin E. Marty, Review of Finke and Stark Churching of America, in Christian Century, January 27, 1993, 88–89. 77. Pioneers in this eﬀort were Wallace, Rockdale; Paul E. Johnson, A Shopkeeper’s Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1790–1865 (New York: Hill & Wang, 1978); and Mary P. Ryan, Cradle of the Middle Class: The Family in Oneida County, New York, 1790—1865 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981).
Several factors led to reduced costs for transportation, especially the building of canals, roads, and railroads, although the eﬀect of railroad building became important only toward the end of this period. 12 The Erie Canal was the most famous project, but numerous other canals were important during the period. By the 1850s, railroads began to supersede the canals. From 1815 to 1860, 4,254 miles of canals were constructed. By 1860, there were over 30,000 railroad miles. Canals were especially important for linking the Great Lakes to the North, and thus strengthening economic links between the West and the North, whereas the Mississippi River aided trade between the South and West.