By Dr. Bradly J. Condon, Dr. Tapen Sinha (auth.)
This booklet examines the worldwide HIV/AIDS pandemic from a multidisciplinary viewpoint, reading its fiscal effect, the explanations at the back of the political reaction to the pandemic, foreign legislation on the subject of public future health and patents and mechanisms for financing worldwide and nationwide responses. The authors paint an international photograph of the HIV/AIDS pandemic one factor, one nation and one sector at a time and express why prevention, therapy and human rights safety needs to every one shape a part of a complete HIV/AIDS process. The e-book analyzes the successes and screw ups of nationwide governments, foreign businesses and the non-public quarter in battling the HIV/AIDS pandemic and recommends alterations to our overseas monetary, monetary, criminal and political associations. This e-book highlights the teachings the realm has to benefit from our adventure with HIV/AIDS in an effort to increase the way in which we tackle international diseases.
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Extra info for Global Lessons from the AIDS Pandemic: Economic, Financial, Legal and Political Implications
Donors also need to be careful with respect to the role assigned to the private sector in delivering aid, in order to avoid the unnecessary diversion of funds away from the core goal of healthcare. The global response to the HIV/AIDS pandemic has highlighted the need to strengthen healthcare infrastructure in developing countries. It is important to address the HIV/AIDS pandemic in a way that strengthens the ability of national governments and multilateral organizations to address health concerns more generally.
First, since the AIDS epidemic originated in Africa, most probably through the transmission of a mutated virus from primates, it has had more time to spread there than in other parts of the world. Indeed, there is a high probability that people were dying from AIDS-related causes in Africa long before the appearance of AIDS in North America led to its diagnosis. One doctor reports having treated patients in Africa in the 1970s with symptoms that were consistent with an AIDS diagnosis. Second, a lack of public education programs aimed at prevention, combined with a cultural resistance to the use of condoms, allowed the virus to spread.
To deal effectively with the crisis, African nations need to reduce both infection rates and mortality rates. They must use public education to change cultural attitudes to reduce infection rates. They also need access to the relatively inexpensive drug treatments to prevent mother-to-child transmission and accidental transmission to health-care workers. Both of these strategies are affordable enough to be viable options. With respect to mortality rates, these societies require affordable access to drug treatments.