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By Rolfe D. Mandel

Geoarchaeology is the appliance of geoscience to the examine of archaeological deposits and the archaeological list. applying concepts from pedology, geomorphology, sedimentology, geochronology, and stratigraphy, geoarchaeologists examine and interpret sediments, soils and landforms on the focal issues of archaeological research.

Edited via Rolfe D. Mandel and with contributions through John Albanese, Joe Allen Artz, E. Arthur Bettis III, C. Reid Ferring, Vance T. Holliday, David W. might, and Mandel, this quantity lines the background of all significant tasks, researchers, theoretical advancements, and websites contributing to our geoarchaeological wisdom of North America’s nice Plains. The publication presents a old evaluate and explores theoretical questions that confront geoarchaeologists operating within the nice Plains, the place North American geoarchaeology emerged as a self-discipline.

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Earlier mining of gravel at the site removed substantial quantities of archaeological material (Hester 1972))and the site was considered largely destroyed. Coring and excavation in 1983 and 1984 revealed, however, that a substantial body of archaeologicallyimportant late Quaternary valley fill is preserved in the outlet channel that connects the paleobasin with Blackwater Draw (Haynes 1995; Stanford et al. 1990). Stratigraphic mapping and radiocarbon accelerator-mass spectrometer (AMS) dating of this channel fill exposed in the walls of the gravel pit are significant.

In Morrison, R. , and H. E. , Means of correlation of Quaternary successions, 591-631. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press. 1975. Pleistocene and Recent stratigraphy. In Wendorf, E, and J. J. Hester, eds. Late Pleistocene Environments of the Southern High Plains. : Publication of the Fort Burgwin Research Center 957-96. 1990. The Antevs-Bryan years and the legacy for Paleoindian geochronology. In Laporte, L. , Establishment of a geologic framework for paleoanthropology. : The Geological Society of America, Special Paper 242:55-68.

Meltzer, D. J. 1983. Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 6:i-51. ig9i. Altithermal archaeology and paleoecology at Mustang Springs, on the Southern High Plains of Texas. American Antiquity 56:236-67. 1995. Modeling the prehistoric response to Altithermal climates on the Southern High Plains. , Ancient peoples and landscapes, 349-56. Lubbock Museum of Texas Tech University. 1999. Human responses to middle Holocene (Altithermal) climates on the North American Great Plains. Quaternary Research 52:404-16.

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