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By Dilip K. Arora

Key themes contain supercritical fluid extraction in nutrition engineering, fat and oils from plant fabrics, sugars and carbohydrates, and alkaloids from usual vegetation utilizing supercritical fluids. Of specific curiosity would be the bankruptcy on ldl cholesterol removing from meals items.

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Additional info for Fungal Biotechnology in Agricultural, Food, and Environmental Applications (Mycology)

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Appl Environ Microbiol 67:371– 376. Jelen HH, Mirocha CJ, Wasowicz E, and Kaminski E (1995). Production of volatile sesqueterpenes by Fusarium sambucinum strains with different abiliteis to synthesize trichothecenes. Appl Environ Microbiol 61:3815 –3820. Joulian D and Ko¨nig WA (1998). The Atlas of Spectral Data of Sesquiterpene Hydrocarbons. -Verlag. Ko¨nig A, Bu¨low N, and Saritas Y (1999). Identification of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons by gas phase analytical methods. Flavour Fragr J 14:367– 378.

Image analysis has also been explored in Penicillium (Do¨rge et al. 2000), here the information found in fungal colonies such a colony texture, diameter and color from very accurately recorded and calibrated images could identify terverticillate penicillia, and has recently been used for clones recognition (Hansen et al. 2003). In order to identify filamentous fungi it is necessary to identify the fungi to genus level before using traditional keys or chemotaxonomic methods. , Samson et al. (2000)].

Some physical (thermal or mechanical) assistance may be needed to help the rapid distribution of metabolites between the two phases. , some of the terpenes can be found in both extracts and by headspace analysis. The key point is to select extraction solvents with a high affinity for metabolites of interest. Adjusting pH can enhance the solubility of metabolites in the extraction solvent. Furthermore, choice of extraction solvent can also be used to favor extraction of a particular subgroup, and a selection of several solvents can be used to extend the range of metabolites.

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