By James Jupp
James Jupp, migration professional, surveys alterations in Australian immigration coverage during the last thirty years because the major shift clear of the White Australia coverage. Jupp considers the heritage of Australian immigration within the 20th century; the institution of the "institutions" of multiculturalism and ethnicity and the waves of assaults on multiculturalism. He appears to be like severely on the influence of financial rationalism on migration offerings, environmental debates and immigration, and the influence of "One Nation." most significantly he covers the debatable factor of refugees and asylum seekers comprehensively.
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Extra resources for From White Australia to Woomera: The Story of Australian Immigration
Jean Martin’s research for the Commission of Inquiry into Poverty reported in 1975 that ‘the postwar migrant population as a whole is at present somewhere around an optimum situation so far as vulnerability to poverty is concerned’. However, she warned that, ‘even if the proportion of the poor among migrants is less than in the rest of the population, it is still possible for certain sections of the migrant population to become fixed at the low socio-economic level at which the first arrivals entered the country.
Others were less favoured. 1 per cent) and Spanish (70 per cent). These two latter groups were recruited on the urging of the car and sugar industries, respectively. No Turks got assistance before 1964. Despite the relaxation of the White Australia policy in the 1960s and the arrival of many thousands of Anglo-Indians and Ceylon Burghers, there was little or no assistance for non-Europeans. There were no assisted Chinese or Japanese nationals between 1945 and 1972, only two Burmese, three Indonesians and nine Ceylonese.
The multicultural society was there, however, before either the policy or the lobby. By 1970, 20 per cent of Australians had been born overseas and that proportion increased slowly over the next thirty years to reach almost 25 per cent by 2000. Within that total, however, the British-born numbers rose only by 25 000 between 1971 and 1996, while New Zealand-born numbers rose by over 210 000. The new proletariat The ethnic groups formed by European migration between 1947 and 1972 were essentially working class, whatever their origins, although they often had middle-class leaders.