By Gabriella Gonzalez, Lynn A. Karoly, Louay Constant, Hanine Salem, Charles A. Goldman
Summarizes the schooling and exertions marketplace projects carried out or below manner in 4 international locations within the Arab quarter (Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates) to deal with the human source concerns they every one face as they organize their international locations for a spot within the twenty first century international financial system. jointly, those nations spotlight the diversity of demanding situations confronted by way of nations within the area and responses to these demanding situations.
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Additional resources for Facing Human Capital Challenges of the 21st Century: Education and Labor Market Initiatives in Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates: Executive Summary
Oman has a mixed economy, with both the private and the public sector employing nationals. Lebanon has a strong entrepreneurial history and a small and limited public sector. Because the governments of the three Gulf states in our study are not directly involved in the process of oil production (state-owned enterprises are responsible for production), these states retain the essential political characteristics of earlier, pre-oil days, when the pearling industry dominated the structure of society.
The skill mismatch is a symptom of the fourth issue, which also aﬀects all four study countries: the perception that the education and training systems do not eﬀectively prepare students for the needs of the 21st century global economy. Our study countries have successfully expanded educational opportunities to all citizens at the primary education level, and literacy rates have risen rapidly through time, but there was general acknowledgment by our interviewees that the quality of the primary and secondary education systems in these countries is not yet up to international standards.
Unemployment is particularly high among young persons, especially male nationals. According to our interviewees in the private and public sectors of the country, Qatar’s leadership recognizes that to promote economic stability, it must encourage the employment of Qataris in the mixed and private sectors. Although Qatar will remain one of the richest nations in the world in the coming decades, it will not be able to compete in the knowledge economy of the 21st century if its public sector remains the largest employer of nationals.