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By Valery Tishkov

Valery Tishkov is a well known Russian historian and anthropologist, and previous Minister of Nationalities in Yeltsin's executive. This booklet attracts on his inside of wisdom of significant occasions and vast basic study. Tishkov argues that ethnicity has a multifaceted position: it's the so much available foundation for political mobilization; a way of controlling strength and assets in a reworking society; and remedy for the good trauma suffered via contributors and teams below prior regimes. This complexity is helping clarify the contradictory nature and results of public ethnic guidelines in line with a doctrine of ethno-nationalism.

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Additional resources for Ethnicity, Nationalism and Conflict in and after the Soviet Union: The Mind Aflame (International Peace Research Institute, Oslo (PRIO))

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The June 1923 conference put an end to any discussion of nationalities in the country and ushered in a long period of ruthless repression against leaders in the republics. Victims of those repressions included many outstanding political figures and cultural workers of the Ukraine, Caucasus and Central Asia. The same conference adopted a program of measures to develop the economy and culture in the national republics, and to expand the political representation of non-Russian nationalities, as well as making several other useful and positive decisions (Tainy, 1992).

The initiators and ideologists of nationalism behind these movements were the local intelligentsia, who had been educated in St Petersburg, Moscow, or at some secular or page_28 Page 29 religious centers abroad. The social democratic programs and ideas of Austrian Marxism concerning the question of nations and national self-determination gained currency among that segment of the population, and in Russian social democratic circles. As early as 1913 Stalin wrote his work 'Marxism and the Question of Nationalities', defining a nation as 'a historically developed and stable community of people that has emerged on the basis of the commonality of their language, territory, economic life and psychological make-up as manifest in the community of culture .

And who is blocking them? Those who usurp the power to speak out on behalf of the 'we' the Tatar, the Bashkir, the Chechen and other 'nations'. Thus it would be more appropriate to qualify accomplished and ongoing events in the former Soviet Union as a triumph of the allegory of the 'triumph of nations'. And scholars are among those who have contributed to this process by constructing these powerful allegories. 2 Sovereignty as Allegory Reading narrations of ethnic manifestation since Gorbachev's ascent to power is an intriguing task for a revisionist social science analysis.

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