By Suveen N. Mathaudhu, Alan A. Luo, Neale R. Neelameggham, Eric A. Nyberg, Wim H. Sillekens
This can be a compilation of the simplest papers within the historical past of Magnesium expertise, a definitive annual reference within the box of magnesium creation and comparable gentle metals applied sciences. the quantity includes a robust topical mixture of software and primary learn articles on magnesium expertise. Magnesium know-how background and OverviewElectrolytic and Thermal fundamental ProductionMelting, Refining, Recycling, and Life-Cycle AnalysisCasting and SolidificationAlloy and Microstructural Design> �Read more...
summary: this can be a compilation of the simplest papers within the historical past of Magnesium know-how, a definitive annual reference within the box of magnesium creation and comparable mild metals applied sciences. the amount includes a powerful topical mixture of software and basic examine articles on magnesium know-how. Magnesium expertise heritage and OverviewElectrolytic and Thermal fundamental ProductionMelting, Refining, Recycling, and Life-Cycle AnalysisCasting and SolidificationAlloy and Microstructural Design>
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Additional resources for Essential Readings in Magnesium Technology
Also manufactured by 3M is HFE 7100 (C4F9OCH3), a fluorinated ether that is used as a cleaning agent. This gas is showing a GWP of 320 and is also an alternative for SF6. Unfortunately another discussion raises also doubt about future use of fluorinated gases at all. In line with the Council position last year, a ban will apply. The EU and the USA agreed to restrict the use of HFC134a for uses where containment is deemed inappropriate (magnesium diecasting, vehicle tires, windows, footwear, non-refillable containers, certain foams, self-chilling drinking cans, certain aerosols, new fire protection systems, fire extinguishers) starting at 2011 while HFC152 is still allowed.
6. In aluminum-free alloys zirconium offers a very effective solution in this regard, however, in aluminum containing magnesium alloys there is still a need. A number of grain refining additives are discussed, such as Ca, Sr [26, 27] or even Mn. While Ca shows a tendency to grain refinement, it has recently been shown, that Mn is not suitable in this regard, although a primary formation of E-Mn or intermetallic compounds with Al such as Al8Mn5 forms during solidification . Sheets are important semi-finished products with regard to their universal applicability for press forming.
The prefeasibility studies on new plants in these areas are indicating production costs that are lower than the estimated production costs of the present magnesium producers. The selling prices that have been used in the studies have been adjusted downward to reflect the impact of increased production. It appears from this quick summary that all is rosy. Unfortunately there are a few areas that are not being addressed or referred to very often. The newest operating magnesium project, the Dead Sea Magnesium plant, had trouble getting production up to the design production levels.