Download Encyclopedic Dictionary of Archaeology by Barbara Ann Kipfer PDF

By Barbara Ann Kipfer

A sleek, finished compilation of greater than 7,000 entries protecting subject matters, suggestions, and discoveries in archaeology written in nontechnical language and adapted to fulfill the wishes of execs, scholars and basic readers. the most topic components comprise artifacts; branches of archaeology, chronology; tradition; gains; wildlife; geography; geology; language; humans; comparable fields; websites; constructions; thoughts and techniques; phrases and theories; and tools.

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155-158 during the northern revolt and permanently before the end of the century when the garrison withdrew to Hadrian's Wall. Rough Castle is a well-preserved fort site, and other traces of the wall remain. Antonine Column: An important monument in Rome. It is a lofty pillar ornamented with a series of bas-reliefs sent up in spirals from the base to the summit. The bas-reliefs represent the victories of the emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Anu: The Mesopotamian sky god, whose seat was at Uruk.

Radiocarbon dates range from AD 700-1080 with a concentration around 1000, which is the period that, according to the sagas, Norsemen led by Leif Eriksson sailed west from Greenland 25 and explored the coast of America, which they named Vinland. anta: A short wall at a right angle to the long walls of a classical temple's cella. This term is also used for a Portuguese chambered tomb (5th millennium BC). antefix: Ornamental tiles fixed to the eaves and cornices of ancient Greek and Roman buildings to decoratively conceal the ends of the rain tiles.

Archaeomagnetic dating: A chronometric method used to date objects containing magnetic materials-especially for buried undisturbed features such as pottery kilns, earthen fireplaces, and brick walls-which can be compared to known schedules of past magnetic alignments in a region and fluctuations in the earth's magnetic field. Clay and rocks archaic contain magnetic minerals, and when they are heated above a certain temperature, the magnetism is destroyed. On cooling, the magnetism returns, taking on the direction and strength of the magnetic field in which the object is lying.

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