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By G. W. F. Hegel

Hegel nasce a Stoccarda nel 1770 e muore a Berlino nel 1831. Considerato il più significativo esponente dell’idealismo tedesco, di lui, tra le altre, ci resta questa Enciclopedia, un’opera ambiziosa e molto travagliata dal punto di vista compositivo, di cui esistono più di una redazione e different edizioni. Anche in line with questo Utet oggi l. a. propone in forma di booklet critico con un apparato di observe indispensabile a conoscerne le differenze intercorse fra una stesura e un’altra. A ciò si aggiunga che l’ebook, grazie alla sua struttura ipertestuale, consente una consultazione rapida e costante al testo nella sua lingua d’origine.

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Extra resources for Enciclopedia delle scienze filosofiche

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A. Kosman expresses this vertical utility well in discussing the logic of visibility (that which is potentially seen): [V]isibility, like so many of the structures of potentiality that Aristotle finds interesting, is subject to an iteration of the potentiality–actuality distinction; in the dark, the visible is only, as we might say, potentially visible. 41 The iterative nature of the potency–act and matter–form distinctions is of tremendous philosophical value to Aristotle, for it enables him to employ a single style of explanation and analysis for phenomena of divergent character and complexity.

According to which the demiurge is responsible for the existence of time. 1╇ Ol d t i m e a n d a nc i e n t c h ronom e t e r s Even to the most primitive of peoples, it must be plainly evident that the activities of human beings are governed by time. We have only finite life spans, and one’s conception of oneself tracks the growth, maturation, and ultimate degeneration of the physical body and its capacities. Even at a more mundane level, our daily activities are regulated in time both by internal mechanisms (including the roughly twenty-five-hour “circadian rhythm” of cyclical metabolic activity and sleep governed by hormone production) and by external factors (the number of hours of sunlight, for example).

We are now prepared to consider some of the difficulties Plato’s definition of time faces. At the opening of this section I gestured toward passages where Aristotle makes mention of Plato’s cosmology. Examining some of them in light of the preceding discussion will aid us in coming to see how these philosophers’ respective conceptions of time might differ from our own. According to Aristotle, Plato commits himself to the following two propositions: (a) Motion is eternal. (Met. 1071b31–3) (b) Time was created.

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