Download Egyptian gods and goddesses - the routledge dictionary by George Hart PDF

By George Hart

Scholars of archaeology, travelers, viewers to museums and all these attracted to mythology will price this complete guide. It info the key gods and goddesses and offers a large survey of others, giving a vibrant photo of the complexity and richness of the imagery of Egyptian mythology.

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Symbolically the pavilion can be both the tent where the ritual of embalmment is carried out and the secure burial chamber which, in the case of royalty, was the ‘Golden Hall’ where a series of gilded wooden shrines encased the sarcophagus. The structure for embalming is also known as the ‘Per Wabet’ or House of Purification. It was a special one of these which Anubis, with assistance from THOTH, constructed for the god OSIRIS. 3 Tepy-Dju-Ef This means Anubis ‘who is upon his mountain’. The imagery is that of the god watching from the heights of the desert cliffs overlooking the cemeteries.

Anat Warrior-goddess of Ugarit on the Syrian coast and attested in Egypt from the end of the Middle Kingdom. The Hyksos rulers seem to have promoted her cult and in the Ramesside Era Anat was a prominent goddess in the Delta. Wearing a high crown flanked with plumes, her martial nature is emphasised by the shield, lance and battle axe. g. BAALAT at Byblos or in the Sinai peninsula) as well as possessing a bloodthirsty, albeit usually subdued, side to her nature. Anat is called ‘mistress of the sky’ and ‘mother of all the gods’ but it is her warlike character that predominates in both Egyptian and Near Eastern references to her.

Amun addresses the king in high prose and rhythmic stanzas emphasising how he has brought states as far away as Naharin on the river Euphrates under Egyptian control. The god causes the enemies of Thutmose III to become terror-stricken at seeing the manifestation of the pharaoh not only as a fully armed warrior but also as a ‘shooting-star’, ‘invincible bull’ or a ‘crocodile’. The gift of Amun to the king has been nothing less than world dominion. 1456 BC The god instigates war The god advises on policy The god fights for Egypt The god is thanked The god’s new foreign domains Amun commands Thutmose III to extend the borders of Egypt by conquest of the Middle East.

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