Download Divide and Pacify: Strategic Social Policies and Political by Pieter Vanhuysse PDF

By Pieter Vanhuysse

Regardless of dramatic raises in poverty, unemployment, and social inequalities, the significant and jap ecu transitions from communism to industry democracy within the Nineteen Nineties were remarkably peaceable. This booklet proposes a brand new cause of this unforeseen political quiescence. It indicates how reforming governments in Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic were in a position to hinder huge waves of moves and protests by means of the strategic use of welfare country courses comparable to pensions and unemployment advantages. Divide and Pacify explains how social rules have been used to avoid mammoth activity losses with softening hard work marketplace rules, or to separate up hugely aggrieved teams of staff in precarious jobs via sending a few of them onto unemployment advantages and so forth onto early retirement and incapacity pensions. From a slim financial perspective, those rules frequently immensely high priced or irresponsibly populist. but a extra inclusive social-scientific viewpoint can shed new mild on those probably irrational regulations through pointing to deeper political factors and wider sociological results.

Show description

Read or Download Divide and Pacify: Strategic Social Policies and Political Protests in Post-Communist Democracies PDF

Similar economic policy & development books

Strength in Adversity: A Study of the Alberta Economy (Western Studies in Economic Policy)

After a decade of particularly robust functionality, the Alberta financial system skilled huge swings in task within the Nineteen Eighties and ranked one of the so much volatile in Canada and the U.S.. This distinct learn of the process the Alberta economic climate from the early Nineteen Seventies to the past due Eighties assesses the factors for this instability and explores ways that federal and provincial govt regulations and marketplace forces may well decrease the unstable nature of the economic system.

The Economic Limits to Modern Politics (Murphy Institute Studies in Political Economy)

The relevant challenge of recent govt and political motion is find out how to select and enforce powerful monetary rules. as a result, the commercial issues of public coverage have assumed a extra sought after position in modern political notion. regardless of efforts between political scientists, economists, and sociologists to fathom the complexities of this extra size, none of those good sciences deals a pleasing method of the matter.

American insecurity : why our economic fears lead to political inaction

Americans at the present time face no scarcity of threats to their monetary healthiness, resembling task and retirement lack of confidence, overall healthiness care expenditures, and spiraling collage institution. whereas one may well count on that those issues could inspire humans to turn into extra politically working on the problems, this frequently does not take place, and the ensuing inactiveness contains outcomes for political debates and public coverage.

Can Financial Markets be Controlled

The worldwide monetary main issue overturned a long time of obtained knowledge on how monetary markets paintings, and the way most sensible to maintain them in payment. when you consider that then a wave of reform and re-regulation has crashed over banks and markets. monetary organizations are regulated as by no means sooner than.   yet have those measures been profitable, and do they move a long way sufficient?

Additional info for Divide and Pacify: Strategic Social Policies and Political Protests in Post-Communist Democracies

Sample text

37 Moreover, post-communist strike rates were comparable to that of the US (2), where the data would have been higher but for the exclusion of a potentially large number of strikes and lockouts. Data for Poland were available only for 1993 and 1994. Data for Germany were not available. Strikes and lockouts are defined as “temporary work stoppages willfully effected by one or more groups of workers and temporary closures of one or more places of employment by one or more employers with a view to enforcing or resisting a demand or expressing a grievance” (ILO, 1997, 273).

1). Similarly, employed West German working-age men recorded an average life satisfaction score 9 percent higher than that of those not in the labor force (such as pensioners and housewives), and 31 percent higher than that of the unemployed (computed from Winkelmann and Winkelmann 1998, 5). 15 On the causes of transitional unemployment, see Boeri (1994; 1997a;b); Boeri et al. (1998), Kornai (1994). 16 As Daniel Kahneman, Amos Tversky, and collaborators have shown, psychological wellbeing is affected especially by changes with respect to a prior reference level, with losses being more highly valued than equivalent gains (Tversky and Kahneman, 1981; 1987; Quattrone and Tversky, 1988; Kahneman and Tversky, 2000; Mercer, 2005).

A. a. a. 31 21 11 1 8 1 14 8 6 2 Notes: For each country, the yearly number of workers involved in strikes and lockouts (in thousands) was divided by the size of the population aged 15–64 in 1994 (in millions). 37. Data for Germany exclude public administration stoppages and include stoppages lasting less than one day if more than 100 workdays were not worked. 2) and World Bank (1996, 194–195, table 4). A second way of gauging the scale of industrial disruption in the polity is by looking at the adjusted number of workdays lost as a result of strikes and lockouts.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.42 of 5 – based on 10 votes