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By Katharina Mewes

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Additional resources for Decentralization on the Example of the Yemeni Water Sector: Did Decentralization from 2000 to 2009 Improve the Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in Yemen?

Example text

In this paper UWSS and its effects on the living conditions of the people is examined. From an economic point of view, decentralization, with reference to the previously illustrated eoneepts of "methodological individualism" and "homo oeeonomicus," is analyzed relative to the improvement in effieiency of state performance, the quality of which is evaluated with regard to basic state functions such as the allocation and redistribution of goods and services. This paper focuses on the improvements in performance efficiency of one state department, the Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE), and in particular on the Loeal Corporations (LCs) and the Autonomous Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Utilities (AUWSSUs), which are in charge of the allocation and the redistribution of water and sanitation services.

And Decentralization Deeentralization ean be analyzed from different perspeetives. The predominant perspectives of this research paper, political science and economy, can be combined in a political economics perspective. From a political science perspective, combating poverty and inequality of living standards is desirable, Existing politieal orders ean be eritieally analyzed based on their abilities to fulfill these goals. Decentralization, as apart of this political order or system, is therefore analyzed with regard to poverty and living eonditions.

The most serious weaknesses included poor planning, administrative incompetence, lack of coordination between national and local institutions, ineffective management and supervision procedures, and lack of qualified staff (Rondinelli 1999: 8-9). As developmental strategies began to change towards a basicneeds approach to community development, which allowed fair growth and participatory planning and left the macro-economic planning of the past behind, the interest in decentralization increased.

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