Download Data on Federal Research and Development Investments: A by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social PDF

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on National Statistics, Panel on Modernizing the Infrastructure of the National Science Foundation Federal Funds Survey

Surveys of the nationwide technological know-how Foundation's department of technology assets statistics (SRS) offer the most major facts to be had to appreciate learn and improvement spending and coverage within the usa. those are the Survey of Federal cash for study and improvement and the Survey of Federal technology and Engineering help to Universities, schools, and Nonprofit associations. those surveys support succeed in conclusions approximately basic coverage questions, equivalent to no matter if a given box of analysis is sufficiently funded, even if investment is balanced between fields, and even if deficiencies in investment might be contributing to a lack of U.S. medical or financial competitiveness. even if, the survey facts are of inadequate caliber and timeliness to aid a number of the calls for wear them. additionally the surveys are more and more tough to behavior in occasions of limited assets, and their technological, procedural, and conceptual infrastructure has no longer been modernized for technique or content material. facts on Federal learn and improvement Investments stories the makes use of and choice of facts on federal money and federal help for technology and expertise and recommends destiny instructions for this system in accordance with an evaluation of those makes use of and the adequacy of the surveys. The publication additionally considers the category constitution, or taxonomy, for the fields of technology and engineering.

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A second is to expand the taxonomy to increase the level of detail, although that might compound the difficulty of reporting the fields. A third is to restructure reporting to permit respondents to report more than one field, enabling analysis of multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary, and trans�disciplinary research. The workshop participants emphasized the importance of consulting with users, representatives of the disciplines, survey respondents, and others as SRS moves forward with any revision of the fields of science and engineering, as well as to consider international, educational, and employment taxonomies in the process (Cheney and Park, 2005, p.

37 38 DATA ON FEDERAL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT INVESTMENTS BOX 3-3 Frascati Manual Taxonomy of Fields of Science and Technology 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Biological sciences (biology, botany, bacteriology, microbiology, zoology, entomology, genetics, biochemistry, biophysics, other allied sciences, excluding clinical and veterinary sciences) 2. 1. 2. 3. , systems analysis, metallurgy, mining, textile technology and other allied subjects) 3. 1. 2. 3. H  ealth sciences (public health services, social medicine, hygiene, nursing, epidemiology) 4.

Subsequent reports have continued to document these trends. A 1990 NRC report on interdisciplinary research called attention to new intellectual understandings of biological systems, problem complexity, the costs of instrumentation and facilities, and increased collaborations between the life sciences and medicine as well as the physical sciences and engineering (National Research Council, 1990). More recently, an NRC report on the NSF Materials Research Science and Engineering Centers Program affirmed that “frequently, the most exciting and important advances in materials science and engineering occur at the interfaces between, or by unconventional combinations of, traditional disciplines” (National Research Council, 2007a, p.

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