By Aristotle, Jonathan Barnes
Unique ebook 1984.
The Oxford Translation of Aristotle used to be initially released in 12 volumes among 1912 and 1954. it truly is universally famous because the typical English model of Aristotle. This revised variation includes the substance of the unique Translation, a little emended in mild of contemporary scholarship; 3 of the unique models were changed by way of new translations; and a brand new and enlarged choice of Fragments has been extra. the purpose of the interpretation continues to be an analogous: to make the surviving works of Aristotle easily available to English conversing readers.
note: with the Princeton unmarried quantity PDF being an aesthetically unpleasing conversion, this is often the Princeton prime quality test, and much more uncomplicated a learn for it's real-book aesthetic
Read or Download Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume 1: The Revised Oxford Translation (Bollingen Series) PDF
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Additional info for Complete Works of Aristotle, Volume 1: The Revised Oxford Translation (Bollingen Series)
What we are saying can be seen from the following table. possible to be admissible to be not impossible to be not necessary to be II not possible to be not admissible to be impossible to be necessary not to be III possible not to be admissible not to be not impossible not to be not necessa ry not to be IV not possible not to be not admissible not to be impossible not to be necessary to be 'Impossible' and 'not impossible' follow from 'admissible' and 'possible' and 'not possible' and 'not admissible' contradictorily but conversely; for the negation of 'impossible' follows from 'possible to be', and the affirmation from the negation, 'impossible to be' from 'not possible to be' (for 'impossible to be' is an affirmation, 'not impossible' a negation).
So every affirmation will contain either a name and a verb or an indefinite name and a verb. Without a verb there will be no affirmation or negation. 'Is', 'will be', 'was', 'becomes', and the like are verbs according to what we laid down, since they additionally signify time. DE INTERPRETATIONE 31 So a first affirmation and negation are: 'a man is', 'a man is not'; then, 'a not-man is', 'a not-man is not'; and again, 'every man is', 'every man is not', 'every not-man is', 'every not-man is not'.
However, though this sort of thing may be seen in a few cases, in most cases what is contrary 5 to a bad thing is always a good. With contraries it is not necessary if one exists for the other to exist too. For if everyone were well health would exist but not sickness, and if everything were white whiteness would exist but not blackness. Further, if Socrates's being well is contrary 10 to Socrates's being sick, and it is not possible for both to hold at the same time ofthe same person, it would not be possible if one of the contraries existed for the other to exist too; if Socrates's being well existed Socrates's being sick would not.