By Ornit Shani
Belligerent Hindu nationalism, observed by way of ordinary communal violence among Hindus and Muslims, has turn into a compelling strength in Indian politics during the last 20 years. Ornit Shani's e-book examines the increase of Hindu nationalism, asking why detailed teams of Hindus, deeply divided through caste, mobilised at the foundation of unitary Hindu nationalism, and why the Hindu nationalist rhetoric in regards to the risk of the impoverished Muslim minority used to be so persuasive to the Hindu majority. utilizing proof from communal violence in Gujarat, Shani argues that the expansion of communalism was once no longer easily as a result of the Hindu-Muslim antagonisms, yet was once pushed through intensifying tensions between Hindus, nurtured by means of alterations within the kinfolk among castes and linked kingdom rules. those, in flip, have been usually displaced onto Muslims, therefore permitting caste conflicts to enhance and deepen communal rivalries. The booklet deals a problem to prior scholarship at the upward thrust of communalism, on the way to be welcomed through scholars and pros.
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Additional resources for Communalism, Caste and Hindu Nationalism: The Violence in Gujarat
Muslims form 8 per cent of Gujarat’s total population. 24. These figures, as well as other figures for castes in Gujarat, are based on the 1931 census. The discussion above presents a broad outline of the local caste social structure. The various castes are divided into many sub-groups. The Brahmins in Ahmedabad district, for example, are divided into eighty-four castes. Ahmedabad District Gazetteer, Ahmedabad: Gazetteer of India, Gujarat State, 1984, p. 190. ), Diversity and Dominance in Indian Politics, Vol.
The scheduled castes form 7 per cent of the Gujarat state’s population. 20. Achyut Yagnik and Anil Bhatt, ‘The Anti-Dalit Agitation in Gujarat’, South Asia Bulletin, vol. 4, no. 1, Spring 1984, p. 48. ), The Other Gujarat, Mumbai: Popular Prakashan, 2002, p. 11. The data are based on a census conducted by Ahmedabad Municipality in 1931–32. ), Caste and Social Stratification among the Muslims, Delhi: Manohar, 1973, pp. xxix, xxx. Also see, Ahmedabad District Gazetteer, 1984, pp. 210–16; Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, 1879, p.
Ahmedabad gained importance in India’s national politics especially after the late 1910s, when Mahatma Gandhi became deeply involved in the city’s political and social activities. 34 In 1984 the Hindu nationalist party won one of its two seats in the Lok Sabha from Gujarat. In 1987 the party won the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation elections. From the mid-1980s, the BJP’s share of the vote in the state grew steadily, and in contrast to other states, from the late 1990s the party has ruled on its own in Gujarat without reliance on political allies.