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By Tomas Frejka, Jean-Paul Sardon

"This is a travel de strength in cohort fertility research, a deep and strong piece of labor. it's a extraordinary demonstration of the strength of actually distinct empirical research of fine and complete info, with the information checked out from each perspective and judiciously extrapolated into the longer term. It represents a huge contribution to our knowing of latest low fertility in Europe and different constructed nations..." Thomas okay. Burch, college of Victoria, BC, Canada

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Most analyses, especially those of the earlier cohorts as well as the incomplete cumulated fertility rates of the younger cohorts, are based on observed and registered data. Whenever estimation is applied, it is done with great caution to ensure that any bias is minimal. As mentioned above, the cut-off point for including an estimate is when less than 15 per cent of its value needs to be estimated. However, there are very few such cases. For individual countries, series of total cohort fertility rates are presented with the final values typically being those for the mid-1960s.

These curves subsequently climb and eventually cross and then rise above the base line of the 1950 cohort. This indicates that the younger cohorts made up all the births they postponed up Nordic region 31 to their mid-20s, and that their total cohort fertility rates will be higher than the base line, even though only marginally. The pronounced changes in the age patterns of fertility are also expressed in the notable changes of the average age of childbearing over time and between cohorts (Figure NR-4).

7 (Figures NR-3 and NR-4). Between the ages of 18 and 21 fertility of the 1960 birth cohort was about 40 per cent below that of the 1950 cohort, however, starting with age 29 and into their late 30s fertility of women of the 1960 cohort was by more than 30 per cent higher compared to those ten years older. 1 births more than the older cohort (Table FL-1). In other words, women of the 1960 birth cohort when in their late 20s and 30s caught up in full with the cohort ten years older. These women did eventually have all the children they had postponed when they were young.

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