Download Bioarchaeology: An Integrated Approach to Working with Human by Debra L. Martin PDF

By Debra L. Martin

Bioarchaeology is the research of human continues to be inside of an interpretative framework that incorporates contextual details. This complete and much-needed handbook presents either a kick off point and a reference for archaeologists, bioarchaeologists and others operating during this integrative box. The authors disguise a number of bioarchaeological equipment and thought including:

Ethical matters considering facing human remains

Theoretical methods in bioarchaeology

Techniques in taphonomy and bone analysis

Lab and forensic ideas for skeletal analysis

Best practices for excavation techniques

Special purposes in bioarchaeology

With case reports from bioarchaeological study, the authors combine theoretical and methodological dialogue with quite a lot of box stories from varied geographic parts, time sessions, and information varieties, to illustrate the total scope of this significant box of study.

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Additional resources for Bioarchaeology: An Integrated Approach to Working with Human Remains

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In the 1970s there was a major shift in anthropologists being interested in more holistic approaches to understanding human change of time and space (Larsen 1987; Cohen and Armelagos 1984; Buikstra 1977; Gilbert and Mielke 1985; HussAshmore et al. 1982). Bioarchaeology as a subdiscipline within physical anthropology grew out of this attempt at integration and holism. , type of interment, grave goods associated with the burial, and mortuary landscape). The goal of bioarchaeology was not to analyze skeletal remains, but to understand the life histories of individuals.

The pinion-pine environment yielded patchy and unpredictable edible resources for the inhabitants. Maize agriculture presented a way to have a predictable and aggregated source of food but was hampered by short growing seasons and lack of rainfall. Theories about human evolution and adaption in desert environments were used to help think about the ways that these specific Southwest peoples could have coped over a 200-year period to droughts, seasonal shortages in food, and ephemeral water supplies.

The medical literature clarified the range of possible effects of polygamy, consanguineal marriages, and arranged early marriages regarding the causes of premature births and infant mortality. As can be seen in Fig. 2, very specific information from various published sources were utilized to build the model, and then the data were interpreted using theories about human behaviors (such as polygamy and consanguinity) that explain the high rates of prematurity and infant death. In building this model, Baustian reconstructed the major features of the environment, culture, and biology as they related to the archaeological site, Tell Abraq, from which the bones were retrieved.

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