What are the origins of agriculture? In what methods have technological advances relating to foodstuff affected human improvement? How have foodstuff and foodways been used to create id, speak that means, and arrange society? during this hugely readable, illustrated quantity, archaeologists and different students from around the globe discover those questions and extra.
The Archaeology of nutrients bargains greater than 250 entries spanning geographic and temporal contexts and contours fresh discoveries along the result of a long time of analysis. The members offer overviews of present wisdom and theoretical views, bring up key questions, and delve into myriad clinical, archaeological, and fabric analyses so as to add intensity to our figuring out of nutrients. The encyclopedia serves as a reference for students and scholars in archaeology, foodstuff reports, and comparable disciplines, in addition to interesting examining for culinary historians, nutrients writers, and nutrition and archaeology fanatics.
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Extra resources for Archaeology of Food: An Encyclopedia
Our radiocarbon database indicates an abrupt jump in Kuril occupation beginning around 500 BC. This surge represents the leading edge of almost 1,500 years of more or less continuous settlement during the Epi-Jomon period, with substantial pit-house villages established on many of the Kuril Islands. The Epi-Jomon were a maritime-oriented hunting and fishing people who lived in the Kurils in small pit houses roughly 3–5 m in diameter and left behind cord-marked pottery, a variety of stone tools, and—in rare, well-preserved deposits—distinctive bone and wood artifacts, including barbed and toggling harpoon heads.
Hazards and disasters are the focus of increasing interest in natural and social science, stimulated by growing media attention to disasters around the world. Calls for improved prediction of catastrophic events have generated 19 Ben Fitzhugh enhanced support for retrospective studies of historical pattern and periodicity in earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods, drought, climate change, and other natural hazards. Social science has entered this arena to better understand human responses to hazardous events and environmental change, most recently calling for more integrated research into the socio-natural dynamics of disasters (Blaikie et al.
Using the ancestral communities in Mimbres, Hohokam, and Zuni regions of the United States and prehispanic communities around La Quemada in northern Mexico, Nelson and colleagues look at the relative success of different mitigation strategies in the face of precipitation variability over time. These case studies force us to think about the processes behind human decision-making and consider the medium- to long-term consequences of short-term solutions to the impacts of environmental hazards. This chapter provides key lessons for the implementation of mitigation strategies that clearly have direct relevance for modern-day populations living in the Southwest and facing very similar environmental hazards.