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By Bernard Groethuysen

Anthropologie philosophique est une mémoire de l'historicité de l'individu. Le je vis précédant le je pense y disclose los angeles «gradation des valeurs bourgeoises et l. a. marche de l. a. pensée moderne». Une philosophie de l. a. vie puise dans sa propre histoire pour montrer que ce qui importe est chaque fois «la query que l'homme se pose à lui-même, et non los angeles façon d'y répondre», et cette histoire lui est nécessaire pour inventer des «formes nouvelles d'existence». L'érudition n'y cherche pas des doctrines, mais une aventure. C'est pourquoi ce qui est dit ici de Platon, de Montaigne, reste toujours nouveau : non une philosophie, mais «l'exercice de l. a. philosophie».Henri Meschonnic.

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Let us see what the consequences of such a position might be. 8 Imagine that we treat photographs as representations in just the same way that we treat paintings, so that their representational natures are themselves the objects of an aesthetic interest. What are the consequences if we study photography in such a way that it does not matter whether its subject actually existed or actually looked like the thing we see in the picture? Here we are interested not in the subject but in its manner of presentation.

Was the audience meant to notice the man on the street corner, the movement of the eyebrow, the colour of the macintosh, the make of the car? In every cinematographic image, countless such questions remain unanswered. There are various reasons for this. For one thing, a film is fixed with respect to all its details; although it is a dramatic representation, it cannot exist in more than one performance. Therefore features of interpretation cannot be separated from features of the action: there is no such distinction.

Answer: A photograph is a disposition of sensible matter and may be so disposed for an aesthetic end, but it is not a human disposition of sensible matter. Therefore it is not a work of art. If Joyce meant by ‘work of art’ what I mean by ‘representation’, then he was clearly getting at the same point. 2005 6:41am Photography and Representation highly specialized responses. How can a photograph acquire that property? My answer is that it can do so only by changing in precisely those respects which distinguish photography from painting.

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