By Chris Barnard
This ebook presents a accomplished creation to the examine of behaviour, from its foundation within the animal¿s anatomy and body structure to its adaptive price within the setting. it truly is aimed toward undergraduate scholars within the organic sciences and psychology and is designed to function either an in depth advent and an in depth, updated resource of reference allowing scholars to pursue themes within the basic literature.
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Extra resources for Animal behaviour : mechanism, development, function and evolution
This is captured more clearly by the Oxford English Dictionary which summarises ‘behaviour’ as: deportment, manners . . moral conduct . . way in which a . . machine, substance etc. acts or works; response to stimulus. The blinking of an eye, the sudden movement of a limb as it is withdrawn from a sharp object, the cacophonous display of a male blue bird of paradise (Paradisaea rudolphi), the care shown by a female chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) to a distressed infant, our own cultural etiquettes; all fall within these deﬁnitions of behaviour and our working use of the term.
2002). This book provides a comprehensive introduction to animal behaviour by developing examples in the context of their theoretical background and the various different levels at which behaviour can be explained. It emphasises the importance of integrating different approaches to the study of behaviour and of evolution by natural selection as a framework for interpreting behaviour at whichever level it is studied. Indeed, a theme of the book is that no level of explanation makes complete sense except in the context of the others and that adaptation by natural selection (Chapter 2) is the process that ensures this is so.
However, the ‘Popperian’ process presupposes some elaborate internal machinery for storing, sifting and integrating information as well as a means of modelling the world and testing possibilities against the model’s predictions; in other words it assumes a certain level of cognitive processing. In terms of our nest-building example, a ‘Popperian’ hen would view the problem in hand, consult its memory of past approaches and outcomes and select the approach most likely to complete the task effectively.