By Gwendolyn Leick
The single English-language ebook of its variety, this dictionary offers a accomplished survey of the entire diversity of old close to jap structure: from the Neolithic around huts in Palestine to the enormous temples of Ptolemaic Egypt. Leick describes the differences of average historic architectural buildings equivalent to pyramids, tombs and homes, info the construction fabric and strategies hired, and clarifies professional terminology.
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Extra resources for Ancient Eastern Architecture
Instead, the walls were ornamented with wall paintings or murals of glazed bricks, featuring stylised plants and heraldic animals. At the NE corner of the palace which bordered the Euphrates, structures consisting of parallel vaulted corridors below ground level were discovered; these have sometimes been interpreted as the substructure of the famous ‘Hanging Gardens’ which the king was said to have built for his Median wife Amytis. An immensely strong structure with very thick walls (21m), the so-called ‘Vorwerk’, served as a barrier against the strong current of the river at this point.
Inhabited from the Chalcolithic Period to the 2nd millennium BC. At level II (Early Bronze, beginning of the 3rd millennium BC), there is evidence for a small fortified town. The houses had stone foundations and timber-reinforced brick walls. MEGARON-type buildings were provisionally interpreted as sanctuaries, since many vessels and ‘cult’ objects were found in them. Level V (c. 18th C BC) has remains of a palace. Rooms at different levels were grouped around a central courtyard (20m square). Some had raised floors to allow for heating passages running underneath.
The decoration of courtyards and interiors consisted not only of sculpted orthostats which were probably painted, but also of glazed tiles, wall paintings and tapestries. The methods of construction were basically the same as those described in AXIS MESOPOTAMIAN ARCHITECTURE. Stone was more easily procurable than in the south and was applied for doorsockets, sills, floors and column-bases, but the walls were built in mudbrick. The private and royal tombs had simple rectangular chambers, roofed with corbelor true vaults.