By Eric M. Meyers, Mark A. Chancey
Drawing at the most modern, groundbreaking archaeological learn, Eric M. Meyers and Mark A. Chancey re-narrate the heritage of historical Palestine during this richly illustrated and expertly built-in book. Spanning from the conquest of Alexander the nice within the fourth century BCE till the reign of the Roman emperor Constantine within the fourth century CE, they synthesize archaeological facts with old literary assets (including the Bible) to provide a sustained evaluation of the tumultuous highbrow and spiritual alterations that impacted global heritage throughout the Greco-Roman period.
The authors display how the transformation of the traditional close to East less than the impression of the Greeks after which the Romans ended in foundational alterations in either the cloth and highbrow worlds of the Levant. Palestine's subjection to Hellenistic kingdoms, its rule through the Hasmonean and Herodian dynasties, the 2 disastrous Jewish revolts opposed to Rome, and its complete incorporation into the Roman Empire offer a historical past for the emergence of Christianity. The authors detect within the archaeological list how Judaism and Christianity have been almost undistinguishable for hundreds of years, until eventually the increase of imperial Christianity with Emperor Constantine.
The purely book-length review on hand that specializes in the archaeology of Palestine during this interval, this entire and powerfully illuminating paintings sheds new gentle at the lands of the Bible.
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Additional info for Alexander to Constantine: Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, Volume III
By the excavator, the text included a Semitic transliteration of the Greek term kapelos, probably “moneylender,” referring to someone named Qos-yada who had lent thirty-two drachmas to a Greek by the name of Nikeratos. The text suggests that the Idumeans, like the Jews in other parts of Coele-Syria, were deeply a∫ected by the growing monetization of the local economy and that parts of the population were already multilingual. But the use of Greek in these instances may only provide evidence that those individuals inhabiting the military installation at Khirbet el-Kom were capable of engaging in ﬁnancial interactions with the Greek-speaking world.
E. 42 Throughout the region, some sites went out of use, others appear to have had a change of occupants, and new settlements appeared. 43 Numismatic ﬁnds at Jotapata and Meiron provide striking testimony of change: the inﬂux of Seleucid coins ceased and that of Hasmonean coins began. 44 Especially in Upper Galilee, the changing ceramic proﬁle illustrates shifts in settlement patterns. In the western part of the region, users of Phoenician jars began slowly retreating toward the coast, leaving behind their inland sites.
14. ), both demonstrating the extent to which classical architectural styles inﬂuenced tombs in the heart of Judea at an early date (Photo courtesy of Sean Burrus) tombs outside the city walls. These tombs followed the example of the Maccabean Simon, who had constructed a monument at Modiin over the tomb of Jonathan to honor his brothers and parents (1 Macc 13:25–29). Seven pyramids, columns, carvings of ships, and a trophy of armor decorated it. First Maccabees claimed that it was large enough to be seen from the Mediterranean Sea, a bit of obvious rhetorical excess.