Download Aging: Culture, Health, and Social Change by Patricia M. Thane (auth.), David N. Weisstub, David C. PDF

By Patricia M. Thane (auth.), David N. Weisstub, David C. Thomasma, Serge Gauthier, George F. Tomossy (eds.)

Culture, future health, and Social Change is the 1st of 3 volumes on Aging conceived for the International Library of Ethics, legislations, and theNew Medicine. best students from quite a number disciplines contest the various principal paradigms on getting older, and seriously check smooth developments in social well-being coverage. How we method and comprehend "aging" may have indelible results on present and destiny elder voters. Acknowledging the cultural variances that exist within the human adventure of getting older is hence of significant value for you to reply to person wishes in a fashion that isn't paternalistic, discriminatory, or exclusionary.

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Extra info for Aging: Culture, Health, and Social Change

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If aging is subject to direct control by manipulation of biological processes that are distinct from disease, then a new way of thinking about aging and its treatment is required - a way that lies beyond the medical model of disease. Alteration of aging, even if biologically produced, cannot justify the Procrustean analysis of aging in terms of the normative model of medicine (Caplan 1981; Murphy 1986). The association of the treatment of aging with medicine reflects the modem tendency to medicalize life (Illich 1975), but the medicalization explanation may obscure more important processes that are shaping the way bioethics comes to terms with aging.

Equitable allocation of opportunities is an important social problem that requires impartiality, which is a critical requirement of Daniels' theory that is founded upon John Rawls' Theory of Justice (1971). Daniels accepts that, as cohorts of individuals move through their lives, resources for the entire society are distributed to these different groups of individuals; but he argues that this way of defining the problem is mistaken. The problem of resource allocation is not properly regarded as a problem involving equity between different age groups who compete for resources in the present moment (Daniels 1988, 40-65).

Scientists, from those unlocking the ancient secrets of Chinese medicine to those building genetic modiftcations of food, are claiming to have found new foods for extending life. The desire among many to deny death and celebrate individual life is being harnessed to gain support for new forms of consumerism and new research funding claims. Some current political and ethical issues emerging from a "romantic" view of old age are: • individual responsibility for one's health status and quality of later life, perhaps with the support of publicly funded health promotion programs; • branding as "moral failures" and not deserving of public support those who do not take action on new health information about risk factors or genetic predispositions; and • active promotion and support for social inclusion of older people in all aspects of "normal" life sometimes regardless of their physical and cognitive capacity or their preferences.

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