By Mike Morwood, Penny van Oosterzee
In October 2004, a workforce of Australian and Indonesian anthropologists led through Mike Morwood and Raden Pandji Soejono shocked the area with their declaration of the invention of the 1st instance of a brand new species of human, Homo floresiensis, which they nicknamed the "Hobbit." This used to be no construction of Tolkien's fable, although, yet a tool-using, fire-making, cooperatively searching individual. The extra Morwood and his colleagues printed concerning the locate, the extra remarkable it turned: status merely 3 toes tall with brains a bit higher than a can of cola, the Hobbits pressured anthropologists and everybody to re-evaluate what it capability to be human. Morwood's paintings was once no traditional educational workout. alongside the way in which he needed to tread warily during the cultural panorama of Indonesia—he has an embarrassing mishap with a few hard-to-chew pork—and he tested that usually the lifetime of a true archaeologist could be a bit like Indiana Jones's whilst he risked his neck in an ocean-going raft to adventure how old Indonesians may have navigated the archipelago. much more, Morwood needed to navigate the rock shoals of an archaeological paperwork that may be obtuse or even spiteful, and while the Hobbits turned embroiled in medical controversy—as no locate of such significance may possibly avoid—it proved effortless for Morwood to get approximately swamped with hassle. reveals have been stolen and broken, and the backbiting used to be fierce. however the mild of technology, as soon as brightened, is tough to dim, and the tale of the indefatigable Morwood's struggle to guard his locate discovery is an proposal.
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In October 2004, a group of Australian and Indonesian anthropologists led by means of Mike Morwood and Raden Pandji Soejono surprised the area with their declaration of the invention of the 1st instance of a brand new species of human, Homo floresiensis, which they nicknamed the "Hobbit. " This used to be no production of Tolkien's fable, even if, yet a tool-using, fire-making, cooperatively searching individual.
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Additional resources for A New Human: The Startling Discovery and Strange Story of the ''Hobbits'' of Flores, Indonesia
From the original few, our network of researchers required to work on aspects of the Liang Bua excavations was growing rapidly. As it turned out, Jack Rink’s ESR results for Stegodon molars provided the ﬁrst deﬁnite evidence for the time span in the deposits at Liang Bua. Of particular interest was an age of 74,000 years for a juvenile Stegodon tooth that lay just above a concentration of bone and stone artifacts. It looked like we were going to get a 100,000-year sequence from the cave with well-preserved bone from top to bottom, showing that there were major changes in the range of animals represented over this time with many surprises: Stegodon existed in the vicinity until at least 12,000 years ago—the youngest credible date for Stegodon anywhere in the world.
He then asked in perfect English about the type of humans likely to have been in the Soa Basin 840,000 years ago. A little surprised, I asked Siprianus where he had learned English. “At the University of Gadjah Mada during my doctoral research on nuclear physics,” was his reply. Archaeology is full of surprises. Siprianus later became United Nations coordinator of the resettlement program for East Timorese refugees, as well as a friend, and he is still interested in our research. The major problem with research in the Soa Basin is that the deposits containing fossils and artifacts stop around 650,000 years ago.
Only then, with access to a large comparative collection of bones in Tokyo, did he decide that it was deﬁnitely human. 46 | a new human Getting a handle on the age of these deposits was now crucial. No charcoal had been recovered from below ﬁve meters’ depth, so radiocarbon dating was not an option. Besides, even if we had found any charcoal, it seemed likely that the earliest deposits would exceed the capacities of that technique, which is only good for the last 40,000 years. So from Ruteng I managed to contact Bert Roberts at the University of Wollongong to ask for assistance with dating the Liang Bua deposits.